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J. William Lindsey, MD, senior author of the study and professor in the Department of Neurology with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Houston. (Photo by UTHealth Houston)

UTHealth Houston study: EBV-specific T-cells play key role in development of multiple sclerosis

The body’s immune response to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may play a role in causing damage in people with multiple sclerosis, according to a new study led by UTHealth Houston.
Paul E. Schulz, MD, the Rick McCord Professor in Neurology with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Houston, was senior author of a study that found several vaccinations were linked to a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease. (Photo by UTHealth Houston)

Several vaccines associated with reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease in adults 65 and older

Prior vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria, with or without pertussis (Tdap/Td); herpes zoster (HZ), better known as shingles; and pneumococcus are all associated with a reduced risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease, according to new research from UTHealth Houston.
Photo of Diana Milewicz, PhD.

Researchers uncover how a genetic mutation can cause individuals with normal cholesterol levels to develop coronary artery disease at a young age

A novel molecular pathway to explain how a mutation in the gene ACTA2 can cause individuals in their 30s – with normal cholesterol levels and no other risk factors — to develop coronary artery disease has been identified, according to researchers with UTHealth Houston.
UTHealth Houston researchers observed as a brain tumor patient, who is also a musician, underwent an awake craniotomy while playing a mini-keyboard piano. (Photo provided by Elliot Murphy, PhD)

Different areas of the brain activated depending on structural complexity of music, language

Distinct, though neighboring, areas of the brain are activated when processing music and language, with specific sub-regions engaged for simple melodies versus complex melodies, and for simple versus complex sentences, according to research from UTHealth Houston.
From left to right, UTHealth Houston researchers Oscar Woolnough, PhD, and Nitin Tandon, MD, both with the Vivian L. Smith Department of Neurosurgery at McGovern Medical School. (Photos provided by Drs. Woolnough and Tandon)

Two brain networks are activated while reading, study finds

When a person reads a sentence, two distinct networks in the brain are activated, working together to integrate the meanings of the individual words to obtain more complex, higher-order meaning, according to a study at UTHealth Houston.
Claudio Soto, PhD, professor and the Huffington Foundation Distinguished Chair in the Department of Neurology with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Houston. (Photo by UTHealth Houston)

Study: Misfolded alpha-synuclein protein key to early detection of Parkinson’s disease

The presence of a misfolded alpha-synuclein protein can be used to determine if people have Parkinson’s disease, according to a new study using technology developed by a researcher at UTHealth Houston. This biomarker could pave the way for the development of better diagnostic tools and new treatment options for the disease.