Skip to Content

nav = ccts tl1


Predoctoral & Postdoctoral Training
in Clinical & Translational Sciences
at UTHealth and MD Anderson Cancer Center

In general, "translational" science can be classified into four categories: T1, T2, T3, T4.

T1 / T2 [translating to patients]: making & adapting laboratory discoveries for treatment of human disease

T3 / T4 [translating to community]: establishing, disseminating, & implementing best practices for clinic- and community-based interventions

Translational research is not unidirectional; it is a type of continuum.  Community observations can inspire laboratory experiments just as laboratory animal studies can influence clinical treatment and community prevention initiatives.  And, at every T level, information needs to be disseminated for implementation.

In this program:

Clinical Research involves direct human subject interaction.

Translational Research can:

  • improve human health by reducing incidence, morbidity, or mortality of disease
  • make discoveries in a research laboratory and/or preclinical study, which can be developed into human studies
  • enhance the adoption of best practices in the community; comparative effectiveness of prevention and treatment

[definitions modified from recommendations by the NCI Translational Working Group (2006) and the CTSA RFA-RM-10-020]


CCTS TL1 Overview

CCTS TL1 Policies

Microscope Image for CCTS TL1 Contact Us

Contact Us


Joya Chandra, PhD 

Jeffrey A. Frost, PhD 


Shervin Assassi, MD

Robert C. Bast, MD 

Program Contact

Nicolle Patterson, MS